The criminal justice system in Canada is governed by the
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This document sets out many necessary rights that you have once you’ve been arrested or charged with a criminal offence. Every Canadian should be aware of their legal rights and freedoms. This article will give you detailed information on your rights if you are arrested or charged.

Constitutional Rights Upon Arrest

When the police arrest you, they must inform you of your right to remain silent. This means that you do not have to answer any of their questions. It’s imperative to stay quiet and talk to a good criminal lawyer – if you respond to their inquiries, your answers may be used against you in a criminal case.

The right to remain silent when questioned by the police

If you have been arrested or charged with a criminal offence, the police must inform you of your right to retain and instruct counsel without delay.

This means they cannot question you until after a lawyer has been obtained and consulted. This right ensures that criminal suspects know their right to legal counsel and have time to secure the best criminal lawyer to defend their rights.

The right to be told why you have been arrested or detained

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms provision 10(a) provides that the accused must be informed of the charge at the time of arrest or detention in any criminal case.

You must be told what crime you are charged with in ordinary language when you are arrested. A good criminal defence lawyer will hold them accountable if the police violate this provision.

The right to be told that you can hire and instruct a lawyer

When you are arrested, the police must inform you of your right to call a criminal lawyer or another representative. They also have to allow you to contact them promptly.

It is essential to make this phone call as soon as you possibly can. This gives criminal lawyers the time they need to move to your case and start working for you.

The right to speak to a lawyer before the police ask questions

Criminal law states that you can contact criminal lawyers before being questioned by the police. If you are arrested, criminal lawyers must be allowed to speak with you in private.

It also means that criminal lawyers can provide information and advice about your legal rights during this conversation.

The right to be told about the availability of duty counsel and legal aid

If you are arrested or detained, criminal law requires that you be told of your right to legal counsel and the availability of duty counsel and legal aid.

A criminal lawyer with experience in criminal law is the best source of advice about what to do when you are under arrest or charged. Your criminal lawyer will explain your legal rights and represent you.

The right against self-incrimination

You cannot be forced to testify at any stage of the criminal process—police interrogations, questioning by prosecutors, or before a grand jury.

The problem is that once you do answer questions from legal authorities, those answers can be used as evidence against you later in criminal court. It is best to remain silent and be respectful until you have had a criminal lawyer consultation.

The criminal process often starts with an arrest and criminal charges, but only ends when the criminal case is finally completed in criminal court.

This can be many years after the criminal charges are laid and your arrest took place. During all of that time, you can use your right against self-incrimination to refuse to answer questions by authorities.

The right to speak with a lawyer, in private, as soon as possible

When criminal charges are filed against you, the first thing you will want to know is what lawyer to hire.

Your primary concern should be getting good criminal representation, but it’s crucial that you also ask for your right to speak with a criminal lawyer confidentially as soon as possible. The sooner you talk to a good criminal defence lawyer, the better.

Constitutional Rights Upon Being Charged

Upon being charged, a criminal suspect has some rights. These rights are recognized by the criminal system and provided by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Presumed innocent

The criminal system presumes that criminal suspects are innocent until proven guilty. Therefore, criminal suspects cannot be tried or convicted until criminal charges against them have been proved in a court of law.

This means that the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt (that is, it has to be almost certain) that criminal charges against criminal suspects are accurate.

Right to remain silent

Criminal suspects have the right to remain silent. This means that criminal suspects do not have to answer questions asked by police officers or criminal investigators.

Criminal suspects also cannot be forced to participate in criminal investigations against their will. This right protects people from saying something that could be used against them in court.

Crown has to let you know what might be used against you at trial

The criminal case process is long and challenging, and criminal suspects may not remember what they did at specific times in criminal cases.

For this reason, criminal suspects have the right to receive a document called a Crown brief from criminal investigators or police officers that lets them know of information that might be used against them during criminal investigations or criminal trials.

This includes evidence such as witness statements, police notes, videos, photos, and other evidence used in the criminal case.

In criminal cases, criminal suspects have several rights. These include the right to remain silent and be presumed innocent until proven guilty in court.

Criminal suspects also have the right to know what criminal investigators or police officers may use against them at trial to prepare accordingly.

If you’ve been charged with a crime and want help from an expert criminal lawyer who will protect your constitutional rights, contact our team today for the best criminal lawyer consultation.

By |2022-04-06T10:03:33+00:00March 3rd, 2022|Criminal Defence|

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Criminal Lawyers Association
Toronnto Lawyers Association
Law Society of Ontario
Criminal Lawyers Association
Toronnto Lawyers Association
Law Society of Ontario
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